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Are Autonomous Mobile Robots Safe?

Updated: Aug 29, 2022

Yes. With their controlled movements, consistent speed and certified safety systems, automated vehicles such as AMRs, automated forklifts and automated guided vehicles are a safe, highly reliable solution. Unlike humans, robots do not get tired and are therefore not prone to fatigue-induced errors.

When it comes to mobile robot safety, perhaps the time of highest risk is during a system’s initial installation — when its routes and actions are being tested, and when human team members are getting used to having these solutions on-site. The key to minimizing this risk is to fully brief staff so that everyone is aware of what the robots will do, how they will work, and how to interact with them. Such training can also improve staff acceptance of these technologies (as can personalizing robots with names or faces).

How are AMRs powered?

Mobile robots are almost always battery powered. Most are designed to dock and recharge at automatic charging stations. Since they do not need to be manually plugged in, they therefore suit 24/7 operation.

What types of software are required to run autonomous mobile robots?

The operation of AMRs is based on two main types of software:

1. Configuration software

This is typically used by a robot’s integrator (e.g., its manufacturer or a third-party integrator) when installing these solutions on-site. This software is used to calibrate the vehicle before it starts working, to map the site, and to program the robot’s routes and actions.

2. Mission & fleet management software

By contrast, mission and fleet management software is configured again by an integrator, but then used on a day-to-day basis by a robot’s end operator to manage, call and schedule AMR missions. This type of software, such as ANT server, can often interface via API with equipment (such as elevators and automatic doors) and a site’s existing WMS/MES/ERP software.

The following types of autonomous mobile robots are most common:

Since AMRs are defined as systems that navigate dynamically around obstacles, they are usually smaller than automated guided vehicles. They suit the tightest of environments, such as fully automated distribution centers. By contrast, AGVs, with their more predictable ‘stop and wait’ approach to obstacles, suit heavier production and intralogistics applications.

If you are looking for manufacturers of wholesale warehouse robots, MIWA Robotics is the best choice for you. Browse our products to get the best shopping for you.


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