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What are Autonomous Mobile Robots (AMRs)?

Updated: Aug 29, 2022

Broadly speaking, an autonomous mobile robot (AMR) is any robot that can understand and move through its environment without being overseen directly by an operator or on a fixed predetermined path. AMRs have an array of sophisticated sensors that enable them to understand and interpret their environment, which helps them to perform their task in the most efficient manner and path possible, navigating around fixed obstructions (building, racks, work stations, etc.) and variable obstructions (such as people, lift trucks, and debris).

Though similar in many ways to automated guided vehicles (AGVs), AMRs differ in a number of important ways. The greatest of these differences is flexibility: AGVs must follow much more rigid, preset routes than AMRs. Autonomous mobile robots find the most efficient route to achieve each task, and are designed to work collaboratively with operators such as picking and sortation operations, whereas AGVs typically do not.

In a warehouse and distribution center environment, these sophisticated technologies are integrated with the warehouse’s control systems, which allow AMRs increased flexibility to create their own routes between locations within a warehouse or facility. The end result is a robot that is much better able to work with humans within the dynamic environment offered by most order fulfillment operations.

Types of Autonomous Mobile Robots

Typically, AMRs can be split into three (3) broad buckets:

  • AMRs that move inventory within a facility

  • AMRs that assist in the picking process

  • AMRs that are a flexible sortation solution

Main advantages of MIWA Robotics’s AMRs

1. Easy configuration and installation

Adapting to the needs of each customer, with an open software and hardware, which allows it to adapt to the specific needs of the customer and/or the application. In the end, this translates into a quick and easy start-up.

2. Competitiveness

MIWA Robotics has the best price-quality ratio in the market. Mobile robotics is no longer exclusive to large companies; many SMEs have already integrated MIWA Robotics mobile robotics in their companies, making the leap towards Industry 4.0.

3. Customization

MIWA Robotics has the ability to create and develop new prototypes that are fully adapted to customer needs. Each project requires a mobile robot with specific characteristics.

4. Adaptability

Thanks to the ability to make decisions, these robots carry out activities that complement, improve or replace those carried out by an operator. For a robot to be truly autonomous, must perceive and understand the environment and make decisions to operate in the most effective way, even if the environment changes or obstacles arise. In other words, autonomy gives the robot the ability to know and recognize the environment in which it is working. This gives operators greater working capacity, as they do not have to be aware of the robot.

5. Autonomy

Today’s AMRs cover full work shifts, allowing them to work 24/7. The robots are equipped with automatic charging stations, so they can recharge their battery autonomously when needed.

6. Collaborative

One of society’s biggest concerns is how robots will transform the workplace. According to Jeff Burnstein, president at Association for Advancing Automation the trend is that “better, safer and better-paying jobs will be created thanks to robotics, as technology increases what people do best, while doing the jobs that people don’t want to do”. In this sense, the expert anticipates an improvement in public perception of robots, which will come to be seen as helpers. Collaborative mobile robots are designed to share workspace with people, ensuring their safety and performing tasks that would be repetitive, heavy or unsafe for operators.

7. Omnidirectional movement

Allows time reduction, making it up to 5 times faster than a differential one in a large number of tasks.


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